Vaccinations for long distance travel
Travel vaccinations are generally divided into three categories:
- Routine vaccinations: these are recommended according to the Austrian vaccination schedule regardless of travel
- Mandatory vaccinations: these are vaccinations that must be given before entering a country. This is made mandatory by the country. This includes, for example, the yellow fever vaccination for travel to West and Central Africa.
- Recommended Travel Vaccinations: These are vaccinations that are recommended to protect against diseases you may be exposed to while traveling
Which vaccinations are specifically recommended for adults before traveling abroad also depends on special risk situations, any underlying diseases, existing long-term medication and the individual vaccination history.
Vaccinations that are carried out in the context of an international trip must be entered in an international vaccination certificate. This serves as a personal overview of vaccinations already received, as information for the doctor and as documentation for international travel. An international vaccination certificate is made available to the Austrian population by the "Federal Ministry for Health and Women" and can also be requested there by means of a form.
If a country wants to protect itself against the introduction or spread of a disease, a corresponding vaccination is required as a condition of the travel permit. This is rarely the case, but it does happen. Two mandatory vaccinations are the yellow fever vaccination and the meningococcal meningitis vaccination for Saudi Arabia.